Sunday, December 29, 2019

Schemas Psychology and Social Cognition - 1582 Words

Schema Theory 1. Introduction A schema contains both abstract knowledge and speciï ¬ c examples about a particular social object. It ‘provides hypotheses about incoming stimuli, which includes plans for interpreting and gathering schema-related information. Schemas therefore give us some sense of prediction and control of the social world. They guide what we attend to, what we perceive, what we remember and what we infer. All schemas appear to serve similar functions – they all inï ¬â€šuence the encoding (taking in and interpretation) of new information, memory for old information and inferences about missing information. Not only are schemas functional, but they are also essential to our well-being. A dominant theme in social cognition†¦show more content†¦2. Stereotypes schemas is the concepts and assumptions about particular groups of people – e.g., your concepts of gender (gender schemas); older generations; foreigners; bankers; businessmen; professors; etc. 3. Self-schemas ar e the concept of your own self, which consists of different sub-schemas for different aspects of your identity, and for different social roles and situations. Self-schemas are cognitive representations about us that organize and process related information (Markus, 1977). They develop from self-descriptions and traits that are salient and important to our self-concept. They can be described as components of self-concept that are central to our identity and self-deï ¬ nition. E.g. people who value independence highly are said to be self-schematic. 4. Role schemas concepts of proper behaviors or expected behavior in given situations. Different self-schemas become activated depending on the changing situations and contexts in which we ï ¬ nd ourselves (Markus amp; Kunda, 1986; Markus amp; Wurf, 1987). You will have schemas for your real self and also for your ‘ideal’ and ‘ought’ selves (Higgins, 1987). The process of categorization is central to schema theory and to other theoretical approaches. Borrowed from cognitive psychology and the pioneering work of Eleanor Rosch, the process of categorization refers to how we identify stimuli and group them as members of one category,Show MoreRelatedEssay about Social Cognition - Psychology1410 Words   |  6 PagesTerm Paper: Social Cognition Table of Contents: Social Cognition: A science The psychological definitions Breakdown of social psychology Relations to other corresponding theories The theory of social cognition Incorporating stereotypes Schemata Cultural social cognition Holistic thinking Social cognitive neuroscience A personality in jeopardy Social Cognition Social cognition is the encoding, storage, retrieval, and processing, of information in the brain. It is a processRead MoreThe Outcome Of The 2016 Election Essay1625 Words   |  7 Pageswhen looking at the theories and ideas in political psychology, the election of Republican nominee Donald Trump over Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton is not entirely shocking. Cognitive dissonance theory, schemas and heuristics, and social influence, specifically conformity, can all help to explain why Donald Trump is America’s new president-elect. Cognitive dissonance is defined as â€Å"when people encounter an inconsistency between any two cognitions† (Haas, Lecture, October 11, 2016). These conflictingRead MoreCognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) within Social Psychology2013 Words   |  9 PagesSocial Psychology can be a challenging concept to master when at the beginning of a psychology education. This week as a student in my undergraduate class approached me and asked how he could explain the difference between psychology, sociology and social psychology to his friend. As I began explaining the differences to him, I quickly remembered going through a similar journey of confusion, clarity, more confusion and then finally conceptually understanding the differences and similarities betweenRead Moreconsumer1670 Words   |  7 PagesUNIVERSITY OF ZIMBABWE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY NAME: CHARLES NYUNGU REGISTRATION NUMBER: R115700F PROGRAM: H.P.S III COURSE: CONSUMER PSYCHOLOGY LECTURER: MR MATIKA ASSIGNMENT TITLE: Scan three adverts from a magazine or newspaper and outline the advertisement‘s effects on your affect, cognition and behaviour. DUE DATE: 24TH MARCH 2014 Advertising plays a pivotal role in the lives of consumers. Advertising moulds the attitudes of the person as well asRead MoreGeorge Kellys Philosophical Theory 1400 Words   |  6 Pagesto Kelly, we will have developed a very complex model of the world and our place in it. Kelly believed a person’s conscious thoughts, feelings and personal experiences defined their personality. According to Kelly, an individual’s experiences and cognition, results in what he termed â€Å"personal constructs.† A person’s constructs represent the view one has constructed about the world as they have experienced it (Pervin, et. al., 2010). The following is how I interpret and apply Kelly’s theory to Jane’sRead More Piaget and Vygotsky: The Psychology of Cognitive Development1701 Words   |  7 PagesThis essay concerns the psychology of cognitive development. Cognitive development can be explained in terms of the acquisition, construction and progressive change in thought processes such as memory, problem-solving and decision-making that occurs from chi ldhood to adulthood (in Smith, P.K., Cowie, H Blades, M. 2003). Major pioneers in this area and whose work has been the foundation of much research in cognitive psychology are among Jean Piaget’s (1926) and Lev Vygotksy’s (1978). A common understandingRead More The Interrelationship among Self, Others, and Environment1177 Words   |  5 Pagesor environment? Questions such as this form the foundation of social psychology, a field with the primary focus being the systematic study of human cognition, emotion, and actions. Social psychologists seek to understand the way human beings develop thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, as well as, the effect our environment, mainly our interactions with others, has on the formation of these very things. We can divide social psychology into three main categories: self, others, and environment. EachRead MoreHow Can A Group s Schema Or Personal Beliefs?944 Words   |  4 Pagesquestion is: â€Å"How can a group’s schema or personal beliefs in regards to racism and gun control, can affect the world that we live in today?† My knowledge question will be focus on schemas which flows in the psychology section. Schema is a plan that is in a form of outline, or in physiology terms, it’s a conception of what is common to all members of a class. For this essay my question will flow into a world studies paper which will contain the areas of Psychology and History. In order to do thisRead MoreI Am A Sophomore Attending American Public University Essay1040 Words   |  5 Pagesdfeagin456@gmail.coml Abstract Social psychology focuses on all aspects that we utilize to learn, adopt, create, feel, think, and retrieve thoughts. We learn these things in order to effectively conserve and improve our overall wellness through our interactions with others. Social cognition, or how we think and process our thoughts, is one of the main three pillars of social psychology. It compliments the other two areas that stabilizes a cognitive social structure; affecting how we processRead MoreThe Development Of The Cognition1013 Words   |  5 PagesThe development of the cognition in the early years of life (2-6 year olds) is the assembly of the thought processes. The thought processes are comprised of memory, problem solving, and decision-making (Encyclopedia of Children’s Health). Universally all children’s thought processes consist of these three abilities; however, there are cases where the child doesn’t have the ability or can be impaired in one or more of these abilitie s. Several theories of how a child in the early years thinks have

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.